Delta-9 THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is a major cannabinoid found naturally in the Cannabis sativa plant. It is one of the THC isomers known for having psychoactive effects on consumers and it is naturally abundant in marijuana, a variety of Cannabis sativa. According to a research report, Delta-9 THC and all other cannabinoids bind with the brain’s cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. Marijuana typically contains as high as 20% Delta-9 THC, while hemp must contain no more than 0.3% Delta-9 THC, according to the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018. Delta-9 THC, often regarded as THC, may be prescribed for treating certain health conditions such as insomnia, epilepsy, chronic pain, and nausea. Consumers may experience side effects like fatigue, paranoia, psychosis, and confusion. Delta-9 THC is available in different products, including gummies, smokable flowers, oils, edibles, and tinctures.
Delta-9 THC derived from hemp is legal in Indiana. Indiana Legislature passed Senate Bill 516 in 2019 to legalize the cultivation and production of hemp and its derivatives. According to state law, all hemp products must contain no more than 0.3% Delta-9 THC. Indiana also legalized CBD oil containing less than 0.3% THC through the passage of Senate Bill 52. According to the 2018 bill, CBD oil products must adhere to strict packaging and labeling requirements. All other hemp-derived Delta-9 products, such as gummies and oils, are legal in Indiana except smokable hemp flowers. Residents can buy CBD oil online or at retail stores located in Indiana. The U.S. Farm Bill in 2018 also legalized hemp-derived products containing no more than 0.3% THC. As a result, consumers may buy these products online and ship them to Indiana.
Marijuana-derived Delta-9 is illegal in Indiana. Possessing any Delta-9 product having more than 0.3% is a misdemeanor offense that may attract up to 180 days imprisonment. There are no medical or recreational marijuana dispensaries in the state. It is also a federal offense to ship marijuana products from other states into Indiana.
Delta-8 and Delta-9 THC are natural cannabinoids with different chemical structures. Generally, Delta-8 THC can be found in minuscule quantities in marijuana and hemp, while Delta-9 THC is abundant in marijuana plants. Manufacturers usually produce large concentrations of Delta-8 THC synthetically from hemp-based CBD. Both cannabinoids can get consumers ‘high.’ However, the ‘high’ sensation produced by Delta-9 is more potent than Delta-8 THC. Consumers often choose Delta-8 THC because of its mild psychoactive effects, which often wear off more quickly compared to Delta-9 THC. Being THC isomers, Delta-8 and Delta-9 have similar health benefits and immediate side effects. The federal and state hemp law makes hemp-derived THC products legal as long as it contains no more than 0.3% THC. However, the presence of Delta-8 or Delta-9 THC in a person’s system can cause them to fail standard drug tests in Indiana.
Delta-9 and Delta-10 are THC isomers with the same chemical elements, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. However, their chemical arrangement differs, resulting in different effects when consumed. Delta-10 consumption produces less intense effects than Delta-9 THC. As a result, Delta-10 consumers experience less euphoria and hallucinations, which often last between one to two hours. The soothing effect of Delta-10 THC makes it ideal for treating insomnia and anxiety. Consuming Delta-9 products results in intense high sensations that may last more than four hours. Both THC isomers are found naturally in marijuana and hemp. However, Delta-10 is mainly synthesized from hemp-derived CBD in the lab because only small amounts can be extracted in Cannabis sativa plants. On the other hand, Delta-9 THC is not produced in the lab since it occurs in large concentrations in marijuana.
Delta-9 THC typically stays in the body for up to 30 days, depending on the consumer and the type of THC product consumed. Some drug tests may detect Delta-9 THC in the body for up to 90 days after consumption. When consumed, Delta-9 THC is transported to the liver, where it is broken down into different metabolites. After metabolism, the resulting THC metabolite, THC-COOH, is a non-active fat-soluble chemical compound. THC-COOH can remain detectable in the urine, hair, saliva, and blood for many days before the body completely removes it. Standard drug tests are designed to detect any traces of THC-COOH in the body. The following are the major drug tests in Indiana and how long they can detect Delta-9 THC metabolites in the body:
Saliva test: It can detect THC metabolite for up to 72 hours after the last use
Hair test: It can detect THC in the hair for up to 90 days after use
Blood test: It can pick up traces of THC in the blood for up to 24 hours after the last use. Habitual users may test positive after 30 days
Urine test: In moderate users, urine tests can detect THC-COOH within three to seven days after the last use. Chronic users may fail urine drug tests for up to 30 days after the last use
Generally, drug detection times often vary for different consumers. The factors that often determine how long standard drug tests will find traces of THC in the body include the following:
Individual’s age: Generally, metabolic processes are faster in younger consumers, who have more muscle mass and carry out more physical activities. As a result, THC metabolites may stay longer in older persons
Consumer’s experience and amount consumed: THC metabolites typically accumulate in the body of frequent users and will result in longer drug detection times. Also, consuming small amounts of Delta-9 THC leads to a faster metabolism, which is ideal for quickly getting rid of THC metabolites.
Method of consumption: Smoking or vaping Delta-9 can help the body get rid of THC metabolites faster than consuming edibles, which take longer to metabolize.
Metabolic rates and health conditions: Consumers have unique metabolic rates, a function of inherited genes. And so, individuals with faster metabolic rates may get rid of THC metabolites in their bodies faster than those with slow metabolic rates. Certain health conditions, such as obesity, can make it difficult for the body to eliminate the THC metabolite faster
All hemp-derived Delta-9 THC products, including gummies, are legal in Indiana, provided it contains no more than 0.3% THC. Residents can buy hemp-derived Delta-9 gummies from local stores. It is also possible to buy Delta-9 gummies from online stores and have them shipped to Indiana as long as it meets the requirements of the 2018 Farm Bill. Indiana has no dispensaries because marijuana products are prohibited in the state. Delta-9 THC gummies sold in Indiana are safe. Since it contains below 0.3% THC, hemp-derived Delta-9 gummies will not get consumers high. However, consumers should ingest small quantities at a time. It is also essential to keep such products away from minors and pets.